2017 Free NECO GCE Literature in English Prose And Drama Often Set Questions And Answers (Practicable Topics)
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The Themes in Piano and Drums
i) The Theme of Culture / Conflict
Culture in Piano and Drums by Gabriel Okara In the poem “Piano and Drums” the poet Gabriel Okara depicts and contrasts two different cultures through symbolism of pianos and drums. The Poem is divided into four stanzas. The first two stanzas represent the “drum” culture and the second two stanzas show the “piano” culture. The description of the drums is in two stanzas, but is one sentence long. The first line of the first stanza: ‘When at break of day at a riverside’ Uses trochees to emphasize the deliberate broken rhythm. The stanza has savage words, “bleeding flesh,” “urgent raw,” “leopard snarling,” “spears poised,” to show that this is a primitive culture, one which has dependency on the environment, as is represented by the “hunters crouch with spears poised.” The environment in this culture is physically dangerous, surrounded by wild animals. Drums here are a way of communication, and “jungle drums telegraphing the mystic rhythm, urgent, raw…” shows the way of life in this culture. This is life which is simple, near the beginnings of man. The stanza … … middle of paper … …with one another, with Drums illustrating primitive behaviour, and a savage, dangerous culture. The connotations of the piano are complex and technical. The piano uses significantly different word sounds, showing that it is learnt, westernized and intricate compared to the drums which is instinctive and naturally acquired, and simple. The poem uses no set rhyme pattern which suits the poem as it has an undecided effect, emphasizing the confusion of the persona over his future. The Themes in Piano and Drums
ii) The Theme of Innocence
The theme of innocence in the poem is explored in the poem is explored in the depiction of african culture, from the very first line of the poem where we are told that the events take place “at break of day”, the idea of innocence is already implied. This is because the day is fresh and uncontaminated by other activities or sounds. The sound heard from the jungle drums are therefore pure and not corrupt, the poem also invokes the idea of innocence. The Themes in Piano and Drums
iii) The Theme of Dilemma
The theme of dile also features in the poem, while the poet speaks glowingly of african culture, he also finng european culture, despite its shortcomings, seductive. Thus he is unable to dwcide whether to let go of the inherited culture or embrace the new one this is the plight of many educated africans today . many have however resolved this delimma by taking from the two cultures in what has come to be know as cultual syncretism
iv) Childhood reminiscence and its effect
The poem speaker was reminded of his/her “primal youth and the beginning” through the quietness of the early morningriver and the echoing forest. While at the riverside, the poem speaker could “hear jungle drums telegraphing/the mystic rhythm…” (Line 2 & 3) and other things like panther, leopard, hunters crouching with poised spears, etc added to his/her memory.
The poem speaker revealed in stanza 2, the effect
such reminiscence brought to his/her memory of sitting “in my mother’s lap a suckling”, “walking simple paths with no innovations”, and groping in green leaves with wild flowers in naked hurrying feet.
THERE was once a king who ruled over many lands; he went to war, and added one country after another to his kingdom. At last he came to be emperor, and that is as much as any man can be. One night, after he was crowned emperor, he lay awake and thought about himself. “Surely,” he said, “no one can be greater than I am, on earth or in heaven.” The proud king fell asleep with these thoughts. When he awoke, the day was fair, and he looked out on thepleasant world. “Come,” he said to the men about him; “to-day we will go a- hunting.” The horses were brought, the dogs came leaping, the horns sounded, and the proud king with his courtiers rode off to the sport. They had hunted all the morning, and were now in a deep wood. In the fields the sun had beat upon their heads, and they were glad of the shade of the trees; but the proud king wished for something more. He saw a lake not far off, and he said to his men:— “Bide ye here, while I bathe in the lake and cool myself.” Then he rode apart till he came to the shore of the lake. There he got down from his horse, laid aside his clothes, and plunged into the cool water. He swam about, and sometimes dived beneath the surface, and so was once more cool and fresh. Now while the proud king was swimming away from the shore and diving to the bottom, there came one who had the same face and form as the king. He drew near the shore, dressed himself in the king’s clothes, mounted the king’s horse and rode away. So when the proud king was once more cool and fresh, and came to the place where he had left his clothes and his horse, there were no clothes to be seen, and no horse. The proud king looked about, but saw no man. He called, but no one heard him. The air was mild, but the wood was dark, and no sunshine came through to warm him after his cool bath. He walked by the shore of the lake and cast about in his mind what he should do. “I have it,” he cried at last. “Not far from here lives a knight. It was but a few days ago that I made him a knight and gave him a castle. I will go to him, and he will be glad enough to clothe his king.” The proud king wove some. reeds into a mat and bound the mat about him, and then he walked to the castle of the knight. He beat loudly at the gate of the castle and called for the porter. The porter came and stood behind the gate. He did not draw the. bolt at once, but asked:— “Who is there?” “Open the gate,” said the proud king, “and you will see who I am.” The porter opened the gate, and was amazedat what he saw. “Who are you?” he asked. “Wretch!” said the proud king; “I am the emperor. Go to your master.Bid him come to me with clothes. I have lost both clothes and horse.” “A pretty emperor!” the porter laughed. “The great emperor was here not an hour ago. He came with his court from a hunt. My master was with him and sat at meat with him. But. stay you here. I will call my master. Oh, yes! I will show him the emperor,” and the porter wagged his beard and laughed, and went within. He came forth again with theknight and pointed at the proud king. “There is the emperor!” he said. “Look at him! look at the great emperor!” “Draw near,” said the proud kingto the knight, “and kneel to me. I gave thee this castle. I made thee knight. I give thee now a greater gift. I give thee the chance to clothe thy emperor with clothes of thine own.” “You dog!” cried the knight. “You fool! I have just ridden with the emperor, and have come back to my castle. Here!” he shouted to his servants, “beat this fellow and drive him away from the gate.” The porter looked on and laughed. “Lay on well,” he said to the other servants. “It is not every day that you can flog an emperor.” Then they beat the proud king, and drove him from the gate of the castle. “Base knight!” said the proud king. “I gave him all he has, and this is how he repays me. I will punish him when I sit on my throne again. I will go to the duke who lives not far. away. Him I have known all my days. He will know me. He will know his emperor.” So he came to the gate of the duke’s great hall, and knocked three times. At the third knock the porter opened the gate, and saw before him a man clad only in a mat of reeds, and stained and bleeding. “Go, I pray you, to the duke,” said the proud king, “and bid him come to me. Say to him that the emperor stands at the gate. He has been robbed of his clothes and of his horse. Go quickly to your master.” The porter closed the gate between them, and went within to the duke. “Your Grace,” said he, “there is a madman at the gate. He is unclad and wild. He bade me come to you and tell you that he was the emperor.” “Here is a strange thing indeed,” said the duke; “I will see it for myself.” So he went to the gate, followed by his servants, and when the porter opened it there stood the proud king. The proud king knew the duke, but the duke saw only a bruised and beaten madman. “Do you not know me?” cried the proud king. “I am your emperor. Only this morning you were on the hunt with me. I left you that I might bathe in the lake. While I was in the water, some wretch took both my clothes and my horse, and I—I have been beaten by a base knight.” “Put him in chains,” said the duke to his servants. “It is not safe to have such a man free. Give him some straw to lie on, and some bread and water.” The duke turned away and went back to his hall, where his friends sat at table. “That was a strange thing,” he said. “There was a madman at the gate, he must have been in the wood this morning, for he told me that I was on the hunt with the emperor, and so I was; and he told me that the emperor went apart to bathe in the lake, and so he did. But he said that some one stole the clothes and the horse of the emperor, yet the emperor rode back to us cool and fresh, and clothed and on his horse. And he said”—And the duke looked around on his guests. “What did he say?” “He said that he was the emperor.” Then the guests fell to talking and laughing, and soon forgot the strange thing. But the proud king lay in a dark prison, far even from  the servants of the duke. He lay on straw, and chains bound his feet. “What is this that has come upon me?” he said. “Am I brought so low? Am I so changed that even the duke does not know me? At least there is one who will know me, let me wear what I may.” Then, by much labor, he loosed the chains that bound him, and fled in the night from the duke’s prison. When the morning came, he stood at the door of his own palace. He stood there awhile; perhaps some one would open the door and let him in. But no one came, and the proud king lifted his hand and knocked; he knocked at the door of his own palace. The porter came at last and looked at him. “Who are you?” he asked, “and what do you want?” “Do you not know me?” cried the proud king. “I am your master. I am the king. I am the emperor. Let me pass;” and he would have thrust him aside. But the porter was a strong man; he stood in the doorway, and would not let the proud king enter. “You my master! you the emperor! poor fool, look here!” and he held the proud king by the arm while he pointed to a hall beyond.  There sat the emperor on his throne, and by his side was the queen. “Let me go to her! she will know me,” cried the proud king, and he tried to break away from the porter. The noise without was heard in the hall. The nobles came out, and last of all came the emperor and the queen. When the proud king saw these two, he could not speak. He was choked with rage and fear, and he knew not what. “You know me!” at last he cried. “I am your lord and husband.” The queen shrank back. “Friends,” said the man who stood by her, “what shall be done to this wretch?” “Kill him,” said one. “Put out his eyes,” said another. “Beat him,” said a third. Then they all hustled the proud king out of the palace court. Each one gave him a blow, and so he was thrust out, and the door was shut behind him. The proud king fled, he knew not whither. He wished he were dead. By and by he came to the lake where he had bathed. He sat down on the shore. It was like a dream, but he knew he was awake, for he was cold and hungry and  faint. Then he knelt on the ground and beat his breast, and said:— “I am no emperor. I am no king. I am a poor, sinful man. Once I thought there was no one greater than I, on earth or in heaven. Now I know that I am nothing, and there is no one so poor and so mean. God forgive me for my pride.” As he said this, tears stood in his eyes. He wiped them away and rose to his feet. Close by him he saw the clothes which he had once laid aside. Near at hand was his horse, eating the soft grass. The king put on his clothes; he mounted his horse and rode to his palace. As he drew near, the door opened and servants came forth. One held his horse; another helped him dismount. The porter bowed low. “I marvel I did not see thee pass out, my lord,” he said. The king entered, and again saw the nobles in the great hall. There stood the queen also, and by her side was the man who called himself emperor. But the queen and the nobles did not look at him; they looked at the king, and came forward to meet him. This man also came forward, but he was clad in shining white, and not in the robes of the  emperor. The king bowed his head before him. “I am thy angel,” said the man. “Thou wert proud, and made thyself to be set on high. Therefore thou hast been brought low. I have watched over thy kingdom. Now I give it back to thee, for thou art once again humble, and the humble only are fit to rule.” Then the angel disappeared. No one else heard his voice, and the nobles thought the king had bowed to them. So the king once more sat on the throne, and ruled wisely and humbly ever after.
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